Posted by admin | 11.05.2014 | Marine Science
Common name: Green turtle
Scientific name: Chelonia mydas
Distribution: Tropical and subtropical waters
Nests on: Tropical beaches worldwide, mainland and remote islands.
Beach type: Large, open beaches to small cove beaches. Mainly Gujarat on the mainland, and beaches in the Lakshadweep and Andaman Islands.
Weight (adult): 250 kg
Carapace length: 90 – 120 cm
Carapace shape: Broadly oval; margin scalloped but not serrated.
Colouration: Brown with radiating streaks in juveniles, variable in adults.
Costal scutes: 4 pairs
Head shape: Anteriorly rounded
Prefrontal scales: 1 pair
Limbs: Single claw on each flipper
Plastron: White in hatchlings, yellowish in adults
Other features: Vertebrals (centrals) large, so that first costal does not contact nuchal scute.
Time of nesting: Night
Clutches per season: 4 – 6
Clutch size: 100 – 120
Egg size: ~ 4.5 cm in diameter
Re-nesting interval: 10 – 14 days
Re-migration interval: 3 – 5 years
Track: 100 – 130 cm wide, deep, with symmetrical diagonal marks made by forelimbs, tail drag solid or broken line.